The Republic of Djibouti is located on latitude 11° 30 N and longitude 43 º 00 E and in the North-East Africa on the Gulf of Aden at the Southern entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is surrounded by Eritrea to the North; Ethiopia to the North, West, and South; and Somalia to the South-East. The total area is 23,200 sq km where land occupies 23,180 sq km and Water 20 sq km. The capital city is Djibouti and the country’s population is about 1 million. Djibouti is a member and the headquarter of IGAD.
Djibouti is made up of plateaus and mountains towards the north and south of the gulf.
The highest point is mountain Moussa Ali the lowest point is Lake Assal (Lac ‘Assal) which is also the lowest point in Africa and the largest salt reserve in the world. Djibouti has no significant rivers or regularly flowing rivers. Most of the land is a desert and the country is hot and dry all year round. Djibouti relies on an underground aquifer for fresh water. There are different types of animals residing in the dense forests of acacia, olive and juniper. The largest forest is Day Forest in Goda Massif.
The ministry of Water and Energy is responsible for the development and management of water and energy resources. The Subdivision of Protection of Water Resources in the Water Directorate of MAEEP-RH is responsible for the implementation of IGAD-HYCOS Project in Djibouti. The staffs involved are Dr. Kamil Daoudi Ali (Steering Committee Member) and Mr. Abdallah Mohamed Abdallah (National Focal Point). For more information, click this link. The Official Government Site of Djibouti