The European Union (EU) contributes actively to help developing countries by tackling poverty, boosting local economies and strengthening governance, the EU supports millions of people in partner countries across the globe. EU development policy promotes an integrated framework for water resources management, drawing on European experience with managing river basins and jointly managing transboundary rivers. The primary and overarching objective of EU development policy is the eradication of poverty in the context of sustainable development, including the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Realizing the critical situation of water resources in the Horn of Africa region and the urgent need to build capacities to manage water and land resources in order to meet the needs of the rapidly growing population in the region, The EU Strategic Framework for the Horn of Africa region of 2011 emphasizes the central role of the management of natural resources, in particular water resources, to fight the underlying causes of the current humanitarian crisis including structural food insecurity, recurrent drought and conflict. Already in 2007, the EU had launched a dedicated Horn of Africa Initiative (HoAI) to foster regional cooperation by assisting the countries of the Horn in working together to jointly address their common development challenges. Water resource management is an area where the EU has committed assistance and technical cooperation since the first phase. The EU will continue to support the countries of the region in strengthening their national capacities through disaster risk reduction strategies and long-term development cooperation programmes in the areas of drought-preparedness, agriculture, rural development and food security, sustainable management of water resources being the underlying most important single element of all these areas. The IGAD-HYCOS project will develop a powerful tool to provide policy makers and politicians with the necessary data and information required for development.
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The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986. In 1983 and 1984, six countries in the Horn of Africa - Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda - took action through the United Nations to establish an intergovernmental body for development and drought control in their region. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government met in Djibouti in January 1986 to sign the Agreement which officially launched IGADD with its Headquarters in Djibouti. On 21 March 1996 in Nairobi, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government signed Letter of Instrument to Amend the IGADD Charter/Agreement and establishing the revitalised IGAD with a new name “The Intergovernmental Authority on Development".
The Vision: “IGAD will be the premier regional organization for achieving peace, prosperity and regional integration in the IGAD region”. The IGAD MISSION is to assist and complement the efforts of the Member States to achieve, Food Security and environmental protection, Promotion and maintenance of peace and security and humanitarian affairs, and, Economic cooperation and integration.
The IGAD Regional Environment Policy promotes Transboundary River Basins Management by initiating and supporting transboundary water courses cooperation among member states sharing water bodies including river basins, lakes and ground water aquifers, through promoting the establishment of river basin organizations and cooperative frameworks;
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The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has a membership of 189 Member States and Territories. Established in 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations in 1951 for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences. It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.
WMO facilitates the free and unrestricted exchange of data and information, products and services in real- or near-real time on matters relating to safety and security of society, economic welfare and the protection of the environment. It contributes to policy formulation in these areas at national and international levels. The vision of WMO is to provide world leadership in expertise and international cooperation in weather, climate, hydrology and water resources and related environmental issues and thereby contribute to the safety and well-being of people throughout the world and to the economic benefit of all nations.
For more information visit: http://wmo.int/